Soap Making Technology

A. PREPARATION OF LAUNDRY SOAP

Materials/Ingredients (for 28 bars):

Coco oil - 8 kg
Caustic soda solution, 36oBe [30% solution] - 5 kg
Soda ash - 90 kg
Salt - 48 g
Sodium silicate - 400 g
CDEA [coco diethanolamide] - 40 mL
Citronella oil - 20 mL
Water - 6 L

Equipment/Tools:

Plastic pail - 16 L cap. [2]; 20 L cap. [1]
Hydrometer, 0-70oBe
Weighing scale - 10 kg
Wooden stirrer/manual or electric mixer
Moulder
Cutter
Spatula, stainless
Basin (large)
Graduated cylinder

Preparation of Materials:

Caustic soda solution, 36oBe (30% solution)
Dissolve 2 kg caustic soda in 4.6 liters water. Cool to room temperature, check the concentration with the hydrometer, adjust (if necessary) and filter if needed before using.

Additives:

Dissolve salt, soda ash and sodium silicate in 1.4 L of water.

Preparation of the Soap:

1. Measure or weigh carefully the required quantity of coco oil.
2. Weigh the lye or caustic soda solution required (5 kg) and add slowly to the oil, stirring continuously for about 30-45 minutes until it attains the condensed milk-like consistency.
3. Add the measured amounts of dissolved additives and CDEA (foam booster) with continuous stirring from 5-10 minutes more. Then add the essential oil with stirring. Stop stirring when the mixture attains a viscosity similar to condensed milk.
4. Pour the homogenous viscous soap mixture into the moulder, allow to set at room temperature for 12 hours or until soap solidifies.
5. Cut the soap into bars of suitable sizes with a string or wire attached to the wooden/metal cutter. Twenty-eight (28) bars will be produced. The soap is white or creamy white. Cut bar into 4 pieces and pack in a plastic bag.
6. Allow to age from 7 to 10 days to complete the saponification
reaction.

B. PREPARATION OF TOILET SOAP/BATH SOAP (OPAQUE)

Materials/Ingredients (for 14 bars, 135 g/bar):

Refined coconut oil - 4.5 kg
Caustic soda solution (32oBe) - 3.25 kg
EDTA (Ethylene diaminetetracetate) - 70 g
Citric acid - 70 g
Sodium chloride - 4.5 g
CDEA (Coco diethanolamide) - 50 g
Light mineral oil - 70 g
Scent to suit
Color (optional)

Equipment/Tools:

Pails - 16 L cap. (2); 20 L cap. (1)
Basin (large)
Hydrometer - 0 - 70oBaume
Weighing scales - 10 kg cap.; 500 g cap.
Mold and cutter
Wooden stirrer/manual or electric mixer
Spatula, stainless

Preparation of Materials:

1. Caustic soda solution, 32oBe
Dissolve 0.855 kg of caustic soda (NaOH) in 2.4 kg water. Cool to room temperature. Check the concentration with the hydrometer. Adjust if necessary and filter if needed before using.

2. Additives
Dissolve EDTA, citric acid and salt in 100 mL water. For color, make a 1% solution. Add color in oil.

Preparation of the Soap:

1. Weigh carefully the required quantity of coco oil. To make a colored soap, add about 10 mL of the 1% color in oil solution or the amount to suit the desired intensity of color.
2. Add the required amount of caustic soda with stirring until the condensed milk-like consistency is attained. This usually takes 45 minutes to 1 hour.
3. Add the dissolved additives and continue stirring for 5 minutes more.
4. Add the light mineral oil, CDEA and scent. Stir for another 5 minutes.
5. Pour the soap mixture into the moulder. Let it stand at room temperature for 12 hours or until soap solidifies.
6. Remove soap from the moulder and cut into desired size.
7. Stamp and pack. Allow to age for about 7 days to complete the saponification.


C. BATH SOAP (TRANSPARENT)

Materials:

Coconut oil - 100 gms
Stearic acid - 100 gms
Castor oil - 80 gms
Caustic soda solution (38oBe) - 160 gms
Glycerol - 85 gms
Alcohol - 100 gms
Sugar - 80 gms
Water - 80 gms
CDEA 25 gms
Perfume (Optional)

Preparation of 38oBe Caustic Soda:

Dissolve 1 kg caustic soda in 2 liters of waters. Cool to room temperature. Measure the concentration with a hydrometer. Adjust (if necessary) and filter if needed before using.

Procedure:

1. Weigh all the ingredients
2. Melt separately the stearic acid and coconut oil at 80oC.
3. Add castor oil first before adding lye into the charge oil
4. Mix caustic soda with alcohol; add slowly to fat charge with stirring. Temperature should not exceed 75oC.
5. In a separate container, dissolve sugar in water at 80oC (remove any froth)
6. Add to the soap mass, the glycerol, the water-sugar solution, and the CDEA stirring constantly.
7. Cover and allow to stand until temperature reaches 60oC, add perfume and color (if needed).
8. Transfer to mould or frame.

NOTE: Rapid cooling is essential for soap transparency.


D. BATH SOAP WITH HERBAL SOAP

Materials/Ingredients:

Refined coconut oil 4.5 kg
Caustic soda 3.25 kg
EDTA 70 g
Citric acid 70 g
CDEA 50 g
Light mineral oil 70 g
Sodium chloride 5 g
Scent
Herbal extract
Color [optional]


Equipment/Tools:

Plastic pail
Hydrometer - 0 - 70oBaume
Weighing scale
Cutter
Wooden stirrer/manual or electric mixer
Moulder
Stamper

Preparation of Materials:

1. Caustic soda, 32oBe
Dissolve 1 kg of caustic soda in 2.8 kg water. Cool to room temperature. Check the concentration with a hydrometer. Adjust (if necessary) and filter if needed before using.

2. Additives
Dissolve EDTA, citric acid and NaCl in 100 mL water. For color, make a 1% solution of color in oil.

3. Preparation of extract
Osterize or blend 200 grams of material in 200 mL water. Strain thru cheesecloth.

Source: ITDI, DOST, photo courtesy of www.pamperingu.com

Popular Posts